A brick is a type of block used to build walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction. Properly, the term brick denotes a block composed of dried clay , but is now also used informally to denote other chemically cured construction blocks. Bricks can be joined together using mortar , adhesives or by interlocking them. Block is a similar term referring to a rectangular building unit composed of similar materials, but is usually larger than a brick.
Variation in brick sizes
The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities announced yesterday that a number of mud brick buildings dating back to the fourth and seventh centuries AD had been discovered by a Norweigan-French mission working in Bahariya Oasis. Dr Osama Talaat, head of the Islamic, Coptic and Jewish antiquities centre of the Supreme Council of Antiquities explained that Coptic inscriptions can be found engraved into the walls. Ghica also reported the discovery of ostraca, pottery shavings bearing Greek inscriptions, dating back to the fifth and sixth centuries AD. Olivia is currently studying in Cairo as part of her undergraduate degree in Middle Eastern Studies at the University of Cambridge.
How can I identify different types of bricks?
The most reliable method for dating a house is to use street directories, usually available at local history departments of local libraries. By looking for the first reference to the building, perhaps even 'Vacant', you can prove that the house existed by that year. You can also use the register of electors. Beware of the compilation dates of each of these sources.
The architecture of Mesopotamia is ancient architecture of the region of the Tigris — Euphrates river system also known as Mesopotamia , encompassing several distinct cultures and spanning a period from the 10th millennium BC, when the first permanent structures were built in the 6th century BC. Among the Mesopotamian architectural accomplishments are the development of urban planning , the courtyard house , and ziggurats. No architectural profession existed in Mesopotamia; however, scribes drafted and managed construction for the government, nobility, or royalty. The study of ancient Mesopotamian architecture is based on available archaeological evidence, pictorial representation of buildings, and texts on building practices. According to Archibald Sayce , the primitive pictographs of the Uruk period era suggest that "Stone was scarce, but was already cut into blocks and seals.