Jump to navigation. Matthew Flinders, the explorer of Australia; as a boy he collected coins and was later introduced by R. Gardner, again evolving a new method; he also discovered the first texts in the Sinaitic script; his greatest contribution was his emphasis on the importance of observing everything found, and his insistence on the typological study of all objects, however humble; he exercised a profound influence on all museums during the s which at that time did not know how to conserve antiquities properly; his method of fund-raising through the sale of antiquities to museums gained him his independence and also provided him with a much wider variety of objects for study; his other great contribution was the discovery of the earliest historical and predynastic periods, hitherto unsuspected; Petrie trained many assistants who continued his work; every year he held exhibitions to arouse public interest in discovering more sites; he amassed a very great collection of antiquities, which is housed at University Coll. London; this collection was bought from him in by public subscription, the donors including Walter Morrison and Robert Mond; he founded the journal Ancient Egypt in , and edited it for twenty years; Petrie published about 1, books, articles, and reviews see below , the most important works being, Inductive Metrology , ; The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh , ; Tanis.
Category:Flinders Petrie - Wikimedia Commons
Please donate now. Petrie is one of the most important and influential figures in the history of Egyptology. He was an archaeologist whose sixty years in field produced an enormous amount of archaeological evidence for all periods of Egyptian history from prehistoric through to medieval times. The thousand or so publications he produced are testament to his tireless endeavours to recover information before it was destroyed by modern developments in cultivation and urbanisation. Such output was perhaps too prolific for the long-term, detailed and meticulous excavations that characterise archaeology today, but nevertheless Petrie's many achievements had a profound influence upon the disciplines of Egyptology and archaeology. He advanced chronological methods through his invention of sequence dating for the Predynastic period, and in he established synchronisms with Greek pottery.
Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie was an English archeologist who revolutionized excavation methods, thus laying the basis for modern archeological techniques. Flinders Petrie was born on June 3, , at Charlton near Greenwich. He was educated at home because of his ill health.
Archaeologists use many different techniques to determine the age of a particular artifact, site, or part of a site. Two broad categories of dating or chronometric techniques that archaeologists use are called relative and absolute dating. Stratigraphy is the oldest of the relative dating methods that archaeologists use to date things. Stratigraphy is based on the law of superposition--like a layer cake, the lowest layers must have been formed first. In other words, artifacts found in the upper layers of a site will have been deposited more recently than those found in the lower layers.