Same-sex marriages are now legal across the entirety of the United States after a historic supreme court ruling that declared attempts by conservative states to ban them unconstitutional. In what may prove the most important civil rights case in a generation, five of the nine court justices determined that the right to marriage equality was enshrined under the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment. The ruling , in which Justice Anthony Kennedy cast the deciding vote , means the number of states where gay marriage is legal will rise — albeit after some stalling — from 37 to Four liberal justices and Kennedy rejected claims made by lawyers during the legal argument in April that marriage was defined by law solely to encourage procreation within stable family units — and therefore could only meaningfully apply to men and women. Crucially, the majority ruling argues that the court has frequently exercised jurisdiction over the definition of marriage in previous cases and is not overstepping its constitutional role by intervening now.
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Timeline of same-sex marriage - Wikipedia
This copy is for your personal non-commercial use only. Ten years ago Monday, Michael Leshner and Michael Stark became the first gay couple to wed in Canada, in a civil ceremony held immediately after an Ontario appeals court ruled the practice legal. Their post-nuptial kiss was flashed around the globe as this province raced into the vanguard of the international fight for gay and lesbian equality. Embedded in the obvious joy of the moment was a decidedly serious legal precedent, one the former Crown attorney says has advanced the cause of gay rights in Canada like no other. Leshner made the quick, four-hour pivot from courtroom to altar — the ceremony was actually performed in the Superior Court cloak room — for fear the province would file an immediate injunction and appeal the ruling to the Supreme Court of Canada. Leshner, who had been with Stark for 22 years prior to their wedding, says legalized marriage makes gay rights bulletproof to legal challenges.
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Gay marriage has been legally recognized in America since the U. Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Justice Kennedy stated in the decision that marriage is "a keystone of our social order," and the Supreme Court vote effectively prohibited individual states from banning same-sex marriages. The decision opened wide the door for homosexual married couples to claim the same numerous benefits awarded to heterosexual couples.
Same-sex marriage in Canada was progressively introduced in several provinces by court decisions beginning in before being legally recognized nationwide with the enactment of the Civil Marriage Act on July 20, On June 10, , the Court of Appeal for Ontario issued a decision immediately legalizing same-sex marriage in Ontario, thereby becoming the first province where it was legal. The introduction of a federal gender-neutral marriage definition made Canada the fourth country in the world, and the first country outside Europe , to legally recognize same-sex marriage throughout its borders. More than 3, same-sex couples had already married in those areas before the Civil Marriage Act was passed.